Tiny Corvo is the most northerly island of the Azores.
The first (and only) permanent settlement was established at Vila do Porto in the mid-to-late 1500s, and his currently home to around 450 residents. The island’s landscape is dominated by its caldera – the collapsed remnants of a kilometre-high caldera which formed 430,000 years ago. Together with Flores and Graciosa, the island is a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve – acknowledging the careful preservation of her volcanic landscape in tandem with sustainable human development.
In the 16th and 17th Centuries, Corvo and its larger neighbour Flores were a vital navigation beacon for ships travelling on the trade winds between mainland Portugal and her Brazilian colonies. The islands quickly lost their significance when the industrial revolution and steam-driven ships transformed Atlantic navigation. Nowadays, the island’s a popular destination for the birdwatching community each Autumn, as migrating American species seek refuge on the island.
For dedicated birders, our October Group Trips to Corvo are the perfect opportunity to observe America Vagrants on European soil.
Corvo’s caldera was formed by a during a Plinian eruption, similar to the famous eruption of Mount Vesuvius, when gas under tremendous pressures empties the underground magma chamber extremely quickly, causing the top of the volcano to collapse. The waymarked PRC2COR trail takes you down into the base of the caldera where you’ll see the cones and small lakes which formed after the eruption.